Nepal is a federal republic located in Asia between India and China. The total area Nepal covers is 1,47,181 square kilometers. Mainly, it is divided into three geographical regions: Hill, Himal and Terai. The hill has moderate temperature all around the world, Terai has very hot during and very cold during winter and Himal has cold weather. But now, Nepal has been declared as secular country with 7 federal states politically.
The total population according to the census of 2068 B.S. is around 30 million. Majority of the people are farmers in Nepal. But these days, larger portion of young generation are in overseas so that the main source of income of Nepal is remittance.
Though Nepal is secular country, above 80% people follow Hindu religion. There are people of other religious groups including Christian, Muslim, Buddhists but they have been living in harmony for ages.
Nepal is small in area but its history and civilization is very ancient. The ages-old art and architectures, civilization, culture, tradition and rituals and values make Nepal more distinctive among the nations in South Asia. Moreover, Nepal is known as the land of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain peak of the world and the land of Gautam Buddha, the light of Asia. Thousands of tourists visit Nepal every year for various activities including trekking, hiking, mountaineering, peak climbing, river rafting, bunjee jumping and many more.
The weathers in Nepal mark 4 climatic seasons: Summer( June- Aug ), Autumn ( Sep- Nov), Winter( Dec- Feb) and Spring ( Mar-May). Summer is very hot and the temperature rises up to 40 degree Celsius. Summer receives heavy rainfall. It is very difficult to travel during summer in Nepal because there are threats of landslides and floods. Spring is also very hot and the temperature is very similar to that of Summer but pleasant. The new arrival of migratory birds and their melodies, blossoms and the greenery make the entire surrounding incredible. Meanwhile, the combination between flowering rhododendron and marvelous mountain views will be perfect during Spring in Nepal. So, some of the travelers love travelling in Nepal during Spring season. And spring season is the best season for mountaineering and peak climbing in Nepal.
Winter is very cold in Nepal. The temperature grows up to -10 degree Celsius in the mountain region and it’s very cold in Hilly and Terai region. The mountains of Nepal receive heavy snowfall during winter. So, travelling to the core part of the mountains is almost impossible during winter in Nepal.
Autumn is neither hot nor cold in Nepal. Majority of travelers plan their trips for Nepal during Autumn. There is no rainfall and snowfall as well during Autumn in Nepal. The weather is perfectly clear and the mountain peaks are marvelously visible. Thus, it is recommended to travel in Nepal during Autumn.
Foreign people can enter in Nepal from both land and by air. The only Tribhuvan International Airport paves the way to enter into Nepal by air. Majority of the foreign tourist use this airport located in the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu. However, there are various entrances to enter into Nepal by land. Geographically, Nepal is bordering to two giant nations: China and India. Both China and India lets foreign people to enter into Nepal. You can enter into Nepal by using Tatopani entrance located between Nepal and Tibet/China. Also, other various entrances are being opened to enter into Nepal from Tibet/China by land.
On the other hand, you can enter into Nepal by land by using various entrances from India including Jogbani, Birgunj, Kakarvitta and many more. One can make an easy access to Nepal from India since the border is open between two countries.
If you are entering into Nepal by air, you can ask the international travel companies located near to you to book the air ticket for you to arrive in Kathmandu and soon, the Gautam Buddha International Airport located in Bhairahawa is opening for international foreigners. You can also inquire about it with travel companies.
And if you are using road to enter into Nepal, you can book the bus ticket up to the border if you are coming from China and you need to change the bus to Nepal. You cant get direct bust to Nepal from China. At the border, you need to change it.But, if you are coming from India, you can get direct bus to Nepal from different Indian cities including New Delhi.
Travel insurance is a must document to be carried during your travel in Nepal and it should be authentic too. If you have travel insurance with your while travelling in Nepal, you feel more comfortable and confident and relaxed. For instance, if you go to the mountain and do other adventure activities, you may have doubt that you may encounter with some problems and you have pressure to bear the risks and expenses by yourself. But if you have travel insurance, it lets you feel that you are safe all the time during your travel. And you should have such travel insurance that must cover all your risks coverage.
Sometimes, it not all the cases, you may have to be rescued by helicopter or car or jeep from the mountain when you get altitude sickness and any other kind of problems, at this point, if your insurance doesn’t cover the expenses, it will get delayed or sometimes, will also be hard to rescue. Therefore, you, at any cost, have to bring travel insurance with you. For reliable and authentic travel insurance, you can go with the following international travel insurance companies. These travel companies are the most recommended ones.
The national or official language for communicating in Nepal is Nepal. However, people in different region communicate with different dialects. The different languages they speak also represent their culture and civilization at the same time. These days, people are learning some other international languages including English, Chinese, French and Japanese. But very few people communicate with these languages particularly in the major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara. The people who are working with travel and trekking company may speak multiple languages to communicate with foreigners in a comfortable way so that there won’t occur any misunderstanding while dealing with particular tour and travel package. The employees at shopping malls, department stores, bank, restaurants and hotels can speak various languages to meet the satisfaction of the clients. Mostly, these people at the workplace speak English.
Interestingly, the guesthouse owners and the workers in the mountain region speak English but not perfectly. However, the way they speak English and to some degree, other languages make sufficient sense of communication. At the same time, you can ask your travel/tour/trekking company to provide such guide who can speak your native language. This way will make your trip more memorable and blissful.
Regarding currency, it is not compulsory to have Nepali currency during your visit in Nepal. You can pay USD, AUD, CAD, Euro, Indian Rupees in restaurants, hotels, transports and tour and travel companies located in major cities including Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan and Lumbini. However, in local shops, restaurants and guesthouses, people prefer Nepali currency. For this, you need to prepare some Nepali currency to pay for your foods and other services in local areas. You can exchange Nepali currency at various money changers and banks located in the cities before your departure to the particular region for your holiday trip. Make sure that you have sufficient amount of Nepali currency for the services you purchase. For this, you can take help from the travel company how much you need for your trip.
Altitude sickness is one of the major concerns while climbing higher in the mountains. It is said that people won’t get altitude sickness below 4000m however some people are seen being suffered from it. But this case is rare.
If you are going above 4000m high in the mountains, you really have to think about it and need to be prepared for it. If you are getting altitude sickness, you will have the symptoms of fever, diarrhea and vomiting. Once you have these symptoms in the higher elevation in the mountain, then, inform your guide immediately and stop going to higher elevation. You can walk down and take rest. If the problem deteriorates, you have to be rescued in no time. Your guide and your travel partner will arrange it for you and you should produce your authentic travel insurance at the time.